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- A new method of tooth repair? Scientists uncover mechanisms to inform future treatment
Stem cells hold the key to wound healing, as they develop into specialized cell types throughout the body -- including in teeth. Now an international team of researchers has found a mechanism that could offer a potential novel solution to tooth repair.
- Fluoride may diminish kidney and liver function in adolescents
Fluoride exposure may lead to a reduction in kidney and liver function among adolescents, according to a new study.
- Visits to the dentist decline in old age, especially among minorities
Visits to the dentist drop significantly after adults turn 80, finds a new study.
- Maternal secrets of our earliest ancestors unlocked
New research brings to light for the first time the evolution of maternal roles and parenting responsibilities in one of our oldest evolutionary ancestors. Australopithecus africanus mothers breastfed their infants for the first 12 months after birth, and continued to supplement their diets with breastmilk during periods of food shortage. Tooth chemistry analyses enable scientists to 'read' more than two-million-year-old teeth. Finding demonstrates why early human ancestors had fewer offspring and extended parenting role.
- Dentistry: Root canal work not so bad after all
Root canal work is not as bad as people think when compared to other dental procedures. Self-reporting of their dental health suggests that patients find the procedure no worse than other dental work which overturns the popular belief that root canal work is the most unpleasant dental treatment.
- New antibacterial fillings may combat recurring tooth decay
A new study finds potent antibacterial capabilities in novel dental restoratives, or filling materials.
- Are you sure it's burning mouth syndrome?
Not all burning mouths are the result of a medical condition known as 'burning mouth syndrome' (BMS) and physicians and researchers need better standards for an appropriate diagnosis, according to new research.
- Poor oral health linked to a 75% increase in liver cancer risk
Poor oral health is associated with a 75% increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common form of liver cancer, new research has found.
- Undetected diabetes linked to heart attack and gum disease
People with undetected glucose disorders run a higher risk of both myocardial infarction and periodontitis, according to a new study. The results demonstrate the need of greater collaboration between dentistry and healthcare, say the researchers, and possibly of screening for diabetes at dental clinics.
- Brush your teeth -- postpone Alzheimer's
Researchers in Norway have discovered a clear connection between oral health and Alzheimer's disease.
- Antibiotics that dentists prescribe are unnecessary 81% of the time
Antibiotics prescribed by dentists as a preemptive strike against infection are unnecessary 81% of the time.
- Presence of oral bacteria in cerebral emboli of stroke patients
Researchers have shown for the first time that the cerebral emboli of stroke patients contain DNA from oral pathogens.
- The healing power of a smile: A link between oral care and substance abuse recovery
A new study links the benefits of comprehensive oral care to the physical and emotional recovery of patients seeking treatment for substance use disorder.
- Protect protruding teeth from damage and long-term consequences
Children with their first or early adult set of teeth that stick out have an increased chance of damaging them, but the risk can be easily reduced without being prohibitively costly.
- Surface protein editing in bacteria
New research delves into an unknown cell circuit in bacteria that can lead to new targets for antibiotics.
- Your genetic make-up has little impact on your dental health, new study finds
A new study estimates that one in three Australian children have tooth decay by the time they start school.
- Common oral infections in childhood may increase the risk of atherosclerosis in adulthood
A Finnish 27-year follow-up study suggests that common oral infections in childhood, caries and periodontal diseases, are associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis in adulthood.
- Dentists can be the first line of defense against domestic violence
New findings indicate that oral biomarkers may help health providers identify victims of domestic violence.
- An army of micro-robots can wipe out dental plaque
A swarm of micro-robots, directed by magnets, can break apart and remove dental biofilm, or plaque, from a tooth. The innovation arose from a cross-disciplinary partnership among dentists, biologists, and engineers.
- Sleep Apnea: Oral appliance could help you (and your partner) sleep better
Researchers measured a novel treatment for sleep apnea and found positive results. By measuring patients lying down flat, the researchers stimulated sleep conditions and measured the patient's airways using 3D imaging. The study confirmed that the treatment is effective at opening the airways and warrants further collaboration between dentists and doctors in treatment of sleep apnea.
- The history of humanity in your face
The face you see in the mirror is the result of millions of years of evolution and reflects the most distinctive features that we use to identify and recognize each other, molded by our need to eat, breath, see, and communicate.
- Teeth whitening products can harm protein-rich tooth layer
Americans spend more than a billion dollars on teeth whitening products each year. Although these products can make smiles brighter, new research shows that they might also be causing tooth damage.
- Gum bacteria implicated in Alzheimer's and other diseases
Researchers are reporting new findings on how bacteria involved in gum disease can travel throughout the body, exuding toxins connected with Alzheimer's disease, rheumatoid arthritis and aspiration pneumonia. They detected evidence of the bacteria in brain samples from people with Alzheimer's and used mice to show that the bacterium can find its way from the mouth to the brain.
- Anti-inflammatory plant-based diet helps reduce gingivitis
A plant-based whole food diet reduced gingivitis in a recent randomized trial.
- New technique could help regrow tissue lost to periodontal disease
About half of all Americans will have periodontal disease at some point in their lives. Characterized by inflamed gums and bone loss around teeth, the condition can cause bad breath, toothache, tender gums and, in severe cases, tooth loss. Now, researchers report development of a membrane that helps periodontal tissue regenerate when implanted into the gums of rats.
- Oral bacteria in pancreas linked to more aggressive tumors
The presence of oral bacteria in so-called cystic pancreatic tumours is associated with the severity of the tumour, researchers report. It is hoped that the results can help to improve diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer.
- Dental fillings could last twice as long
A compound used to make car bumpers strong and protect wood decks could prevent return visits to the dentist's office. A team of researchers has created a filling material that's two times more resistant to breakage than standard fillings. The team also has developed an adhesive that's 30 percent stronger after six months in use than adhesives that are currently used to keep fillings in place.
- How a common oral bacteria makes colon cancer more deadly
Researchers have determined how a type of bacteria commonly found in the mouth accelerates the growth of colon cancer.
- Activating tooth regeneration in mice
Most reptiles and fish have multiple sets of teeth during their lifetime. However, most mammals, such as humans, have only one set of replacement teeth and some mammals, like mice, have only a single set with no replacement. This diversity raises both evolutionary questions -- how did different tooth replacement strategies evolve? -- and developmental ones -- which mechanisms prevent replacement teeth in animals that lost them?
- Could omega-3 fatty acids help prevent miscarriages?
A new study in mice reveals that omega-3s, a type of fat found in fish oil, reduces fetal and neonatal deaths, suggesting they could prevent some miscarriages in women.
- New science details discovery of bacterial pathogen in brains of Alzheimer's patients
New science uncovers how an unlikely culprit, Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) -- the bacterium commonly associated with chronic gum disease -- appears to drive Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology.
- Orthodontics no guarantee of long-term oral health
A commonly held belief among the general public is orthodontic treatment will prevent future tooth decay. Research has found that this is not the case.
- Illuminating women's role in the creation of medieval manuscripts
Researchers have revealed direct evidence of medieval women's involvement in the production of illuminated manuscripts. Lapis lazuli in the dental calculus of a woman buried at a 12th-century German monastery suggests that she created richly illustrated religious texts.
- Older women who suffer tooth loss more likely to develop high blood pressure
A study indicates that postmenopausal women who experience tooth loss are at higher risk of developing high blood pressure.
- Tooth loss can indicate malnutrition, study finds
Older adults are at risk for both impaired oral health and malnutrition, according to a new study.
- People overestimate benefits, and underestimate risks, of medical interventions
From major heart surgery to a course of minor drugs, people overestimate the benefits and underestimate the risks of a variety of medical procedures, according to new research.
- Loss of first baby tooth a positive experience for children
Scared, ashamed, happy or proud -- how do children feel when they lose their first baby tooth? Scientists have now found that children's feelings are predominantly positive. The study also reveals that previous visits to the dentist's as well as parental background and level of education affect how children experience the loss of their first tooth.
- Irish Famine victims' heavy smoking led to dental decay, new research reveals
Irish Famine victims were heavy smokers which caused badly rotten teeth, researchers have discovered.
- Poor oral health linked to higher blood pressure, worse blood pressure control
Poor oral health may interfere with blood pressure control in people diagnosed with hypertension. Periodontal disease -- a condition marked by gum infection, gum inflammation and tooth damage -- appears to worsen blood pressure and interferes with hypertension treatment. Study findings underscore the importance of good oral health in blood pressure control and its role in preventing the adverse cardiovascular effects known to stem from untreated hypertension.
- Immune culprits linked to inflammation and bone loss in gum disease identified
An unhealthy population of microbes in the mouth triggers specialized immune cells that inflame and destroy tissues, leading to the type of bone loss associated with a severe form of gum disease, according to a new study in mice and humans. The findings could have implications for new treatment approaches for the condition.
- Periodontal disease bacteria may kick-start Alzheimer's
Long-term exposure to periodontal disease bacteria causes inflammation and degeneration of brain neurons in mice that is similar to the effects of Alzheimer's disease in humans. Periodontal disease may be an initiator of Alzheimer's.
- Dental research shows that smoking weakens immune systems
Researchers found that smoking weakens the ability for pulp in teeth to fight illness and disease.
- Connection between 'chalky teeth' in children and the uptake of Bisphenol A not likely
Medical associations are reporting increased occurrences of disturbed dental mineralization in children. The so-called 'chalky teeth' show discoloration and can be extremely sensitive to pain. Furthermore they tend to react sensitively to heat, cold and brushing.
- Antibiotics destroy 'good bacteria' and worsen oral infection
Researchers found that antibiotics actually kill the 'good' bacteria keeping infection and inflammation at bay.
- New findings on chronic pain syndrome in the mouth
The picture is becoming clearer regarding the chronic oral pain condition known as Burning Mouth Syndrome, or BMS, which mainly affects women who are middle-aged and older.
- Regrowing dental tissue with stem cells from baby teeth
In a clinical trial stem cells extracted from children's baby teeth were used to regrow the living tissue in teeth damaged by injury. The promising findings highlight the potential of dental stem cells, which could one day be used in a wide range of dental procedures or even for treating certain systemic diseases.
- What Anglo Saxon teeth can tell us about modern health
Evidence from the teeth of Anglo Saxon children could help identify modern children most at risk from conditions such as obesity, diabetes and heart disease.
- Gum disease treatment may improve symptoms in cirrhosis patients
Routine oral care to treat gum disease (periodontitis) may play a role in reducing inflammation and toxins in the blood (endotoxemia) and improving cognitive function in people with liver cirrhosis.
- Biomaterial could keep tooth alive after root canal
A root canal ranks high on most people's list of dreaded dental procedures, and it results in a dead tooth susceptible to further decay. Now scientists have developed a peptide hydrogel designed to regenerate dental pulp after a root canal, preserving the tooth.
- Novel nanoparticle-based approach detects and treats oral plaque without drugs
When the good and bad bacteria in our mouth become imbalanced, the bad bacteria form a biofilm (aka plaque), which can cause cavities, and if left untreated over time, can lead to cardiovascular and other inflammatory diseases like diabetes and bacterial pneumonia. A team of researchers has recently devised a practical nanotechnology-based method for detecting and treating the harmful bacteria that cause plaque and lead to tooth decay and other detrimental conditions.
- Tongue microbiome research underscores importance of dental health
Elderly individuals with fewer teeth, poor dental hygiene, and more cavities constantly ingest more dysbiotic microbiota, which could be harmful to their respiratory health, according to new research. The findings come from a large, population-based study that identified variations in the tongue microbiota among community-dwelling elderly adults in Japan.
- Unwise opioids for wisdom teeth: Study shows link to long-term use in teens and young adults
Getting wisdom teeth removed may be a rite of passage for many teens and young adults, but the opioid painkiller prescriptions that many receive could set them on a path to long-term opioid use, a new study finds. Young people ages 13 to 30 who filled an opioid prescription immediately before or after they had their wisdom teeth out were nearly 2.7 times as likely as peers to still be filling opioid prescriptions months later.
- Researchers are first to sequence rare bacteria that causes rampant tooth decay
Little is know about the bacteria Streptococcus sobrinus, which accelerates tooth decay in some people. This will soon change because a team of researchers has now successfully sequenced the complete genomes of three strains of S. sobrinus.
- The effectiveness of chlorhexidine is limited in preventing infections in oral procedures
A large number of bacteria are present in human mouths and may pass into the blood when procedures such as the removal of a tooth are carried out. Chlorhexidine mouthwashes have a powerful antimicrobial effect, but there are opposing positions on its use in these cases.
- A safe and effective way to whiten teeth
In the age of Instagram and Snapchat, everyone wants to have perfect pearly whites. To get a brighter smile, consumers can opt for over the counter teeth-whitening treatments or a trip to the dentist to have their teeth bleached professionally. But both types of treatments can harm teeth. Researchers have now developed a new, less destructive method.
- Research on British teeth unlocks potential for new insights into ancient diets
Goofy, yellow and crooked: British smiles have sometimes had a less-than-flattering international image, but a new study has put tartar from our infamously bad teeth to good use. Researchers analysing the teeth of Britons from the Iron Age to the modern day have unlocked the potential for using proteins in tooth tartar to reveal what our ancestors ate.
- Effective diagnosis of persistent facial pain will benefit patients and save money
Patients with persistent facial pain are costing the economy more than £3,000 each per year, new research has revealed.
- Plaster which sticks inside the mouth will revolutionize treatment of oral conditions
A new biodegradable patch administers steroids directly to oral ulcers and forms a protective barrier.
- Gum disease may be a key initiator of rheumatoid arthritis related autoimmunity
The results of the study demonstrate increased levels of gum disease, and disease-causing bacteria, in individuals at risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
- Water fluoridation confirmed to prevent dental decay in US children and adolescents
The fluoridation of America's drinking water was a great public health achievement in the twentieth century but there are few studies from the last three decades investigating the impact of water fluoridation on US dental health. A recent study evaluated associations between the availability of community water fluoridation and dental decay experience in US child and adolescent populations.
- Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) describes a variety of conditions that affect jaw muscles, temporomandibular joints and nerves associated with chronic facial pain. Symptoms may occur on one or both sides of the face, head or jaw, or develop after an injury. TMD affects more than twice as many women than men. Updated: November 2008 &nbs
- What is Dental Amalgam (Silver Filling)?
What is Dental Amalgam (Silver Fillings)? Most people recognize dental amalgams as silver fillings. Dental amalgam is a mixture of mercury, silver, tin and copper. Mercury, which makes up about 50 percent of the compound, is used to bind the metals together and to provide a strong, hard, durable filling. After years of research, mercury has been found to be the only eleme...
- What is Orofacial Pain?
Orofacial pain includes a number of clinical problems involving the chewing (masticatory) muscles or temporomandibular joint. Problems can include temporomandibular joint discomfort; muscle spasms in the head, neck and jaw; migraines, cluster or frequent headaches; or pain with the teeth, face or jaw. You swallow approximately 2,000 times per day, which causes the upper and lower teeth t...
- What is a Composite Resin (White Filling)?
What is a Composite Resin (White Filling)? A composite filling is a tooth-colored plastic and glass mixture used to restore decayed teeth. Composites are also used for cosmetic improvements of the smile by changing the color of the teeth or reshaping disfigured teeth. How is a composite placed? Following preparation, the dentist ...
- Are You Biting Off More Than You Can Chew?
In our fast-paced lives, many of us may be eating in a hurry, taking giant bites of our food to get done quickly and on to the next task. Fast-food restaurants advertise giant burgers and sandwiches as a selling point, but often those super-sized delicacies are larger than a human mouth. Taking bites that are too big to chew could be bad for your jaw and teeth, says the Academy of Genera...
- The History of Dental Advances
The History of Dental Advances Many of the most common dental tools were used as early as the Stone Age. Thankfully, technology and continuing education have made going to the dentist a much more pleasant – and painless – experience. Here is a look at the history of dentistry's most common tools, and how they came to be vital components of our oral health care needs. Where did t...
- Check Menstrual Calendar for Tooth Extraction
Dry socket, the most common postoperative complication from tooth extractions, delays the normal healing process and results when the newly formed blood clot in the extraction site does not form correctly or is prematurely lost. This blood clot lays the foundation for new tissue and bone to develop over a two-month healing process. Updated: October 2008 &nbs
- Headaches and Jaw Pain? Check Your Posture!
If you experience frequent headaches and pain in your lower jaw, check your posture and consult your dentist about temporomandibular disorder (TMD), recommends the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), an organization of general dentists dedicated to continuing dental education. Poor posture places the spine in a position that causes stress to the jaw joint. When people slouch or hunch over...
- Men: Looking for a Better Job? Start by Visiting the Dentist
Men: Looking for a Better Job? Start by Visiting the Dentist An online poll of 289 general dentists and consumers confirms the traditional stereotype that men are less likely to visit the dentist than their female counterparts, according to the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), an organization of general dentists dedicated to continuing dental education. Why? Nearly 45 percent...
- Why is Oral Health Important for Men?
Why is Oral Health Important for Men? Men are less likely than women to take care of their physical health and, according to surveys and studies, their oral health is equally ignored. Good oral health recently has been linked with longevity. Yet, one of the most common factors associated with infrequent dental checkups is just being male. Men are less likely than women to seek preventive ...
- What is Baby Bottle Tooth Decay?
What is Baby Bottle Tooth Decay? Baby bottle tooth decay is caused by the frequent and long-term exposure of a child's teeth to liquids containing sugars. Among these liquids are milk, formula, fruit juice, sodas and other sweetened drinks. The sugars in these liquids pool around the infant's teeth and gums, feeding the bacteria in plaque. Every time a child consumes a sugary liquid, acid...
- Pacifiers Have Negative and Positive Effects
Pacifiers Have Negative and Positive Effects It’s one of the hardest habits to break and can require a great deal of persuasion: Parents often struggle with weaning their child off of a pacifier. There is much debate regarding the use of pacifiers, but there is evidence to show that there are both pros and cons, according to a study in the January/February 2007 issue of Gene...
- Is My Child at Risk for Early Childhood Tooth Decay?
Is My Child at Risk for Early Childhood Tooth Decay? The average healthy adult visits the dentist twice a year. The average healthy 2-year-old has never been to the dentist. By kindergarten, 25 percent of children have never seen a dentist, yet dental decay is the single most common chronic childhood disease in America. The culprit? A combination of misinformation about when a c...
- When Should My Child First See a Dentist?
When Should My Child First See a Dentist? Your child's first visit to the dentist should happen before his or her first birthday. The general rule is six months after eruption of the first tooth. Taking your child to the dentist at a young age is the best way to prevent problems such as tooth decay, and can help parents learn how to clean their child's teeth and identify his or her fluori...
- How Do I Care for My Child's Baby Teeth?
How Do I Care for My Child’s Baby Teeth? Though you lose them early in life, your primary teeth, also called baby teeth, are essential in the development and placement of your permanent teeth. Primary teeth maintain the spaces where permanent teeth will erupt and help develop proper speech patterns that would otherwise be difficult; without maintenance of these spaces, crowding and misali...